It is bordered in the north by the mediterranean sea, in the east by the gaza strip, israel and the red sea, in the south by sudan and in. The sections are named this way because the nile flows from south to north. There are two major tributaries that feed the nile, the white nile and the blue nile. Without the nile river, all of egypt would be desert. Egypt on the ancient hebrews, mesopotamians, and syrians, and on classical greece and rome. The rise of the pharaohs and the civilization of egypt was directly tied to the geography of. Students describe the climate and weather of egypt and. Egypt needed nubias gold, and nubia needed egypts grain. Discover the world with articles, fact sheets, maps and other resources that explore landscapes, peoples, places, and environments both near and far. Coordinates the geography of egypt relates to two regions. Egypt is located in northeastern africa and southwestern asia. Essential question effect nubians adopted parts of the egyptian religion. Egypts total area of 386,662 square miles 1,001,450 sq km makes it the 30th largest country in the world. Today, almost everybody in egypt still lives along the nile, in towns, cities and villages on its fertile floodplain.
North of cairo lies the densely populated and fertile nile delta, home to intensive agriculture and heavy industry. Country fact file world map template worksheet geography. Name the major bodies of water that surround and are a part of egypt. Egypt has coastlines on the mediterranean sea, the river nile, and the red sea.
The study of the land, its natural processes and patterns in its natural environment. Libya, gaza strip, israel, sudan, mediterranean sea, red sea. Home english modern history 112 social studies 10 social studies 9. Egypt, covering 1,001,449 square kilometers of land, is about the same size as texas and new mexico combined. This map features the political boundaries of modern egypt, but focuses on ancient egypt. This geography of ancient egypt resource is an engaging and informative way to help your students learn and understand more about the geography of ancient egypt. Egypt lies in the northeastern corner of the african continent and has a total area of about 1. On average, the temperature varies between 27 and 32 c in the summer and up to 42 c on the red sea coast. Check out our awesome magazine for boys and girls who love learning about our weird and wonderful world. Check out this fun free geography word search, free for use at home or in school this is a printable geography word search pdf file, just click on the image to open the pdf, you can save it or print it. Cairo, egypts capital which is located in the nile valley, has an average july high temperature of 94. Building a map of egypt downloadable lesson albany institute of. The black land was the fertile land on the banks of the nile.
Today in class, you will have the opportunity to look at different primary sources and documents on ancient egypt and analyze them. Most recently, however, the country has been in the news due to severe civil unrest that began in late january 2011. Egypt is bordered by the mediterranean sea to the north, the gaza strip and israel to the northeast, the. Main ideas the big idea geography and ancient egypt key terms and people cataracts, p. Southwest of the capital is a large concentration of population on the plain of the faiyum. Find the country they are researching in an atlas and colour it in on the blank map. Upper egypt, along the banks of the nile, is mostly rural. File type icon file name description size revision time user ch. One is perfect for display to the class in a full color pdf slide show covering the geography of egypt the other file contains all the pages the students will need throughout this study. East of the nile, the desert meets the red sea coast at a range of mountains. Commons is a freely licensed media file repository.
Free ancient egypt lapbook ancient egypt unit, ancient. Most of egypt is covered by the lowlying sand dunes and depressions of the western and libyan deserts. Egypt human and physical geography by prezi user on prezi. They grew vegetables such as lettuce, radishes, asparagus, and cucumbers. Geography in ancient egypt read and study sources 1 through 4 about ancient egypt. Egypt is known for its ancient history, desert landscapes, and large pyramids. Egypt has an area of 1,002,450 km 2 387,050 sq mi which makes it the 31st largest country in the world. Egypt rightfully advertises itself to the world as land of the sun.
Third graders locate and identify the continent and the area that egypt is located. Egypt geography by the colorado classroom teachers pay. Libya lies on egypts west border, sudan on its south, and the mediterranean sea rest on the north side of egypt. Since manual or shaduf lifting is only practicable in a local, horticultural context. Egypt geography, climate and population egypt lies in the northeastern corner of the african continent and has a total area of about 1 million km2. Use the videos below to answer the questions in the arab spring video worksheet. Building a map of egypt after the maps and key are complete, have students answer the questions on the following page. Geography of egypt physical size, borders, regions, climate. Northern egypt has wide valleys near the nile and desert to the east and west. Egyptians also grew the materials for their clothes. The countrys greatest distance from north to south is 1,024 kilometers, and. The arab republic of egypt is located in the northeastern corner of africa and southwestern asia. Egypt into a civilization was its geographical location. Egypt has a hot, dry desert climate, and desert covers much of the rest of the country.
Label the areas on your map and shade the appropriate areas listed green or blue. Libya, gaza strip, israel, sudan, mediterranean sea, red sea total size. Egypt borders libya to the west, the gaza strip to the northeast, and sudan to the south. Egypt consists of mostly desert, divided into two unequal sections by the nile river. Notable cities are aswan, luxor, sohag, asyut, minya, and benisuef. On the northeastern border lies israel, the red sea and the gulf of suez is on the east.
This sheet was made to give children a template to research a country. Geography, climate and population egypt lies in the northeastern. View images cairo, the capital of egypt, is one of the most populated cities in africa and the middle east. Early hydraulic civilization in egypt oriental institute university of. They describe the physical geography of egypt and identify the geography on a map of egypt. Winters are moderate, as temperatures vary between eight degrees and 21 c. The nile is located in northeast africa and flows through many different african countries including egypt, sudan, ethiopia, uganda, and burundi. They were the first to grind wheat into flour and to mix the flour with yeast and water to make dough rise into bread. Then use the sources to answer questions 1 through 5. After completing the reading passage about the geography of ancient egypt, students will answer questions based on the reading. Give examples of how geography helped shape the civilization of nubia.
Nubians had to pay tribute to the egyptian pharaoh. Over 5000 years ago, one of the worlds greatest civilizations grew up in egypt along the banks of the river nile. With your purchase, you get a zipped file with two separate pdf files. Students are asked to coloridentify the red sea, the mediterranean sea, the nile river, the valley of the kings, and the location of the. What role did geography play in the everyday life of ancient. Brief history of egypt a brief history of egypt arthur goldschmidt jr. Egypt is a country located in northern africa along the mediterranean and red seas. The ancient egyptians thought of egypt as being divided into two types of land, the black land and the red land.
The nile river valley was the life of the egyptians around the fertile farmlands which egyptians called the black land was desert known as the red lands. Students study the development of civilizations, including the impact of geography, the development of economic systems, the creation of governments and. What is a delta, and why was the delta of the nile important to ancient. This unit begins by giving students geographical information on ancient egypt. As you read, you may take notes in the space next to the sources or on page 5 in this answer document. Give students time to answer on their own, then as you are going over answers you may prompt them with questions found below to help their understanding of the map and the relationship to settlement. Karl butzer is professor of anthropology and geography at the university of. The climate of egypt is desert and as such it has very hot, dry summers and mild winters. Egypt has been a leading player in the history of islam, at times as its political leader, usually as a trading entrepot, and almost always as a religious and cultural center. All in all, the available egyptian records document both an appreciable degree of. East of the nile river, the semiarid arabian desert extends to the edges of the red sea in the far southwest, the land rises into the gilf kebir plateau, with elevations near 2,000 ft. What kinds of stone came from ancient egyptian quarries, and what was this stone used for. Southern egypts landscape contains low mountains and desert. Discover how a young ecoactivist from sweden inspired a global movement turtles the size of small cars roamed earth 60 million years ago.1314 141 110 380 1526 276 137 1277 1080 490 32 693 786 777 1178 148 218 318 74 1293 1282 636 1133 77 909 819 1143 69 699 278 88 390 975 389 1181 1023